Another type of deed is the general warranty deed, which is similar to a grant deed. There is one major difference and that is, warranty deeds have a third guarantee. The third guarantee is that the title is free of any defects, even if a previous owner caused the defect. Depending on state law, a phrase such as "conveys and warrants" is included. These are considered operative words of conveyance.
A grant deed provides two guarantees. One is that the seller (grantor) states that the property has not been sold to anyone else. The other is that the grantor warrants (promises) that the property title has no encumbrances other than those already revealed to the buyer (grantee). Typical information in the grant deed includes a granting clause, which transfers the title from the grantor to the grantee, the names of the grantor and the grantee, and details of the property being transferred.
Quitclaim deeds are another type. It is sometimes mistakenly called a quick claim deed. Specifically designed to convey any interest that the grantor might have in the property, quitclaim deeds are often used when a couple divorces and one party wants to deed the property to the other partner. In a divorce, one spouse sells the property and the other spouse signs a quit claim deed so that the buyer never has to worry about a dispute that emerges after the divorce is final. A quitclaim deed exactly what it sounds like. It allows a potential grantor to assure the grantee that he or she has quits any claim on the property. The operative words of conveyance are along the lines of "convey and quit claim".
Regardless of the type of property deed, it becomes part of the public records, and property records remain attached to the real estate as a historical document showing who has owned it over time. Any time you transfer title, a new property deed must be officially recorded.
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