Another type of deed is the general warranty deed, which is similar to a grant deed. There is one major difference and that is, warranty deeds have a third guarantee. The third guarantee is that the title is free of any defects, even if a previous owner caused the defect. Depending on state law, a phrase such as "conveys and warrants" is included. These are considered operative words of conveyance.
A grant deed provides two guarantees. One is that the seller (grantor) states that the property has not been sold to anyone else. The other is that the grantor warrants (promises) that the property title has no encumbrances other than those already revealed to the buyer (grantee). Typical information in the grant deed includes a granting clause, which transfers the title from the grantor to the grantee, the names of the grantor and the grantee, and details of the property being transferred.
You do not need to hire a lawyer to help you through the steps of conveying real property. All the tiny details can confound you if you try to do it on your own without the proper form. Sometimes there are nuances such as joint tenants with rights or tenants in common. These might sound like the same thing but they are not. Then there are variations such as rights of survivorship.
Regardless of the type of property deed, it becomes part of the public records, and property records remain attached to the real estate as a historical document showing who has owned it over time. Any time you transfer title, a new property deed must be officially recorded.
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