A security deed replaces a mortgage and is used when the owner borrows against the property and the lender requires an interest in the property. The owner keeps using the property but the lender has title to it until the loan is repaid.
Deed forms are the essential legal document used to transfer real property. Among the words pertinent to a deed are property, grant, assign, warrant, and convey. Just as professions each have their own language, so do business transactions. Real estate is just another word for property, and it has its own language as well. Buyers and sellers become grantors and grantees. Each property transaction requires a real estate deed document.
A grant deed provides two guarantees. One is that the seller (grantor) states that the property has not been sold to anyone else. The other is that the grantor warrants (promises) that the property title has no encumbrances other than those already revealed to the buyer (grantee). Typical information in the grant deed includes a granting clause, which transfers the title from the grantor to the grantee, the names of the grantor and the grantee, and details of the property being transferred.
A deed in lieu of foreclosure is used for circumstances where the grantor is on the brink of losing his or her property in bankruptcy and chooses to deed the property to a grantee instead of having it foreclosed upon.
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